Rescue Society's Reformatory for Girls, Hampstead, London
On December 29th, 1857, a Reformatory for Girls was officially certified to begin operation at 28 Church Row, Hampstead, with accommodation for 40 inmates. It was operated by the Rescue Society, an organisation founded in 1853 for the "reformation of openly immoral women, and the guardianship and training of young girls exposed to danger".
An early inspection report on the institution noted that the premises — "a convenient house and garden" — were next to one of the refuges established by the Society for voluntary inmates. The matron was the "active and energetic" Miss Nicoll, with an assistant laundress also being employed.
An inspection report in December, 1859, noted that there were 50 inmates in residence, ten more than the official capacity.
In 1860, the Rescue Society decided to give up it involvement in the Reformatory. However, a group of interested gentlemen in the neighbourhood formed an association to open a new institution in premises at 9 Church Row, to be called the Hampstead Reformatory for Girls. At the end of 1860 the inmates from No. 28 were transferred to No. 9, along with Miss Nicoll whose employment was taken over by the new committee.
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- None identfied at present — any information welcome.
- Carpenter, Mary Reformatory Schools, for the Children of the Perishing and Dangerous Classes, and for Juvenile Offenders (1851, General Books; various reprints available)
- Carlebach, Julius Caring for Children in Trouble (1970, Routledge & Kegan Paul)
- Higginbotham, Peter Children's Homes: A History of Institutional Care for Britain s Young (2017, Pen & Sword)
- Abel Smith, Doroth Crouchfield: A History of the Herts Training School 1857-1982 (2008, Able Publishing)
- Garnett, Emmeline Juvenile offenders in Victorian Lancashire: W J Garnnett and the Bleasdale Reformatory (2008, Regional Heritage Centre, Lancaster University)
- Hicks, J.D. The Yorkshire Catholic Reformatory, Market Weighton (1996, East Yorkshire Local History Society)
- Slocombe, Ivor Wiltshire Reformatory for Boys, Warminster, 1856-1924 (2005, Hobnob Press)
- Duckworth, J.S. The Hardwicke Reformatory School, Gloucestershire (in Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 1995, Vol. 113, 151-165)
- Red Lodge Museum, Bristol — a former girls' reformatory.
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