Rotherham Council Homes

In 1930, the Boards of Guardians, who had administered the poor relief system in England and Wales since 1834, were abolished and their responsibilities were taken over by county and county borough councils. Each council set up a Public Assistance Committee to oversee its new duties, which included the operation of the various children's establishments previously run by the poor law unions in each area.

Rotherham's Public Assistance Committee took over the work previously carried out by the Rotherham Union. In 1933, its children's accommodation comprised:

LocationPlaces
Central Home, Easthill, Doncaster Road23
35/37 St Ann's Road22
42-44 Alma Road24
121 Westgate23
Lindum House, Lindum Terrace, Doncaster Road30
150 Fitzwilliam Road12
Working Boys' Home, 148 Fitzwilliam Road*

By the following year, the Alma Road homes had been replaced by Oaklea, 104 Clough Road, which also provided 24 places. In 1940, the Westgate home was replaced by 50-52 Canklow Road. The houses at 148-152 Fitzwilliam Road now formed a single establishment. In 1943, a new home for seven children was in use at West Street, Anston, but appears to have ceased operation by the following year. In 1948, Lindum House had been replaced by a a new home at Park Mount, Clifton Lane, and residential nursery at Oakwood Grange, Moorgate.

Following the passing of the 1948 Children Act, councils were required to provide care services for all needy children in their area, especially those who lacked a normal family home. In common with other local authorities, the council established a new Children's Committee, whose responsibilities had previously been spread across separate Health, Education and Public Assistance Committees. The Committee took over the management of the council's existing children's accommodation. The establishments for which it was responsible in 1949 are shown in the table below.

Oakwood Grange Nursery, Moorgate Road
Easthill, Doncaster Road
Oaklea, 104 Clough Road
148-150 Fitzwilliam Road
35 St Ann's Road
50-52 Canklow Road
Park Mount, Clifton Lane

In 1951, the Canklow Road home was replaced by Fairholme (referred to as Fairhurst from about 1958), 7 Clifton Crescent South. By 1954, new 'family group' homes had been opened by Westclose, 17 West Close, and Woodholme, 18-20 Wood Road, followed in around 1960 by a home at 27 Goldsmith Road. The last three of these were all on new council housing estates. The Oaklea home was closed in about 1956. By 1965, further family group homes had opened at 60 Studmore Road and 1 Treefield Close. Another, at 92 Creswick Road, was in operation by 1967. By 1970, Oakwood Grange had been replaced by a new residential nursery at Wallhead Grange, Munsborough Lane. The council's children's accommodation in 1972 is listed below:

27 Goldsmith Road
Moorgate House, Moorgate Road.
Fairhurst, 7 Clifton Crescent South
1 Treefield Close
17 West Close
18 Wood Road
60 Studmoor Road
92 Creswick Road
Wallhead Grange, Munsborough Lane

Following a nationwide reorganisation of local government in 1974, Rotherham took over the management of a number of establishments previouly run by the West Riding County Council. Rotherham's accommodation for children and young people in 1983 is listed below. All are in Rotherham unless otherwise indicated and those taken over from West Yorkshire are indicated by an asterisk.

27 Goldsmith Road
Moorgate House, Moorgate Road.
Fairhurst, 7 Clifton Crescent South
1 Treefield Close
17 West Close
18 Wood Road
60 Studmoor Road
92 Creswick Road
Wallhead Grange, Munsborough Lane
52 Hollowgate
Daneshill, 185 Moorgate Road*
2 Goodwin Crescent, Swinton*
140 Green lane, Rawmarsh*
46 Maple Avenue, Maltby*
9 Marriott Place, Rawmarsh*
2 Millstone Drive, Swallownest, Sheffield*
58 Quarry Hill Drive, Wath-upon-Dearne*
Sherwood House Nursery, 136 Moorgate Road*
18 St Edmund's Avenue, Thurcroft*

Children's establishments run at some time in their history by Rotherham Council.


 
  • Scattered Home, West Street, Anston
  • 46 Maple Avenue, Maltby
  • 140 Green Lane, Rawmarsh
  • 9 Marriott Place, Rawmarsh
  • Family Group Home, 1 Treefield Close, Rotherham
  • Scattered Home, 121 Westgate, Rotherham
  • Sherwood House Nursery, 136 Moorgate Road, Rotherham
  • Home for Working Boys, 148 Fitzwilliam Road, Rotherham
  • Scattered Home, 150-152 Fitzwilliam Road, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, 27 Goldsmith Road, Rotherham
  • Rotherham Union/Council Scattered Home, 35-37 St Ann's Road, Rotherham*
  • Rotherham Union/Council Cottage Homes, 42-44 Alma Road, Rotherham*
  • Sacttered Home, 50-52 Canklow Road, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, 52 Hollowgate, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, 60 Studmoor Road, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, 92 Creswick Road, Rotherham
  • Danes Hill, 185 Moorgate Road, Rotherham
  • Central Home, Easthill, Doncaster Road, Rotherham
  • Fairholme/Fairhurst, Clifton Crescent South, Rotherham
  • Keppel's View. Simmonite Road, Rotherham
  • Lindum House, 20 Lindum Terrace, Doncaster Road, Rotherham
  • Moorgate House, Moorgate Road, Rotherham
  • Wallhead Grange Residential Nursery, Munsbrough Lane, Rotherham
  • Oaklea, 104 Clough Road, Rotherham
  • Residential Nursery, Oakwood Grange, Moorgate, Rotherham
  • Park Mount, Clifton Lane, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, Westclose, 17 West Close, Rotherham
  • Family Group Home, Woodholme, 18-20 Wood Road, Rotherham
  • 2 Millstone Drive, Swallowsnest
  • 2 Goodwin Crescent, Swinton
  • 18 St Edmund's Avenue, Thurcroft
  • 58 Quarry Hill Road, Wath upon Dearne

* indicates link to pages on www.workhouses.org.uk.
indicates homes at some time also run by a county council.

Records

The involvement of local authorities in the running of children's homes dates from 1930, when they took over the running of the poor relief system previously administered by Boards of Guardians. Surviving records for council-run children's homes may be held in each council's own internal archives. Prior to 1991, however, when a legal requirement was introduced for councils to retain records of children leaving their care, the survival of such records is very variable. Contact details for local authorities in the UK can be found on the website of the Care Leavers Association (CLA). The CLA also provides guidance on accessing childhood care files, which are normally only open to the individuals they relate to.

Locating local authority records has been complicated by the various local government reorganizations that have taken place in recent times, such as the abolition of the London County Council in 1965, and the major nationwide restructuring in 1974 in which many administrative areas were created, amended or eliminated.

Older records may sometimes be placed with the relevant county or borough record office. Many of these repositories have online catalogues of their holdings and also contribute to the National Archives' Discovery database. Note that records containing personal data usually have access closed for a period of fifty years or more.

Older material relating to Rotherham Council homes may exist at:

Some records relating to council-run homes, for example inspection reports (though not resident lists etc.), are held by The National Archives (TNA). A closure period may apply to these records.

Bibliography