St Andrew's Home Industrial School, Winchester, Hampshire
On December 30th, 1875, the St Andrew's Home Industrial School was certified to operate in premises at Wessex Cottage, 8 Upper High Street, Winchester. Its superintendent was Miss Ellen Knight.
The establishment had been founded by Sir Walter Crofton and was intended chiefly to receive girls committed under section 14 of The Prevention of Crimes Act, 1871, which provided for children under 14 of female repeat offenders to be placed in an Industrial School. A similar institution in Winchester, the St Mary's Industrial Home had closed two years previously after no girls had been placed there. The St Andrew's Home, however, also took voluntary cases, who generally formed the majority of the inmates and attended elementary schools in the neighbourhood.
The School's first superintendent was Miss Knight. Miss Connell took over in 1877 but Miss Knight returned to the post in 1879, with Miss Connell as her assistant. The children were taught to be useful and industrious, and to contribute to the ordinary work of the house to the best of their ability. The boys assisted in the garden and with outdoor work, the girls in the cooking and household work.
In 1884, the School relocated a short distance to Westgate House, 5 Upper High Street, Winchester, Hampshire. The new premises, previously used as a boarding school, were certified on March 17th, 1884, for the accommodation of 35 girls.
Miss Knight continued as superintendent at the new location. In 1885, it was noted that the older girls did the house washing and cooking, and carried on all the work of the house. All the girls received instruction in sewing and knitting, and the older ones were trained for domestic service.
Following Miss Knight's death in 1886, it was decided to discontinue the home and it closed at the end of that year.
The School's two Upper High Street premises still exist, both now in commercial use.
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- None identfied at present — any information welcome.
- Higginbotham, Peter Children's Homes: A History of Institutional Care for Britain s Young (2017, Pen & Sword)
- Mahood, Linda Policing Gender, Class and Family: Britain, 1850-1940 (1995, Univeristy of Alberta Press)
- Prahms, Wendy Newcastle Ragged and Industrial School (2006, The History Press)
- None noted at present.
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