New Orpington Lodge / St George's Home, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
New Orpington Lodge, later renamed St George's Home, was established in October 1895 on Wellington Street in the Hintonburg district of Ottawa. It acted as a receiving and distributing home for Roman Catholic children being emigrated from the United Kingdom and was run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue, later known as the Catholic Children's Society (Westminster). The home's original name was probably based on the Catholic orphanage at Orpington in Kent.
The rented house was 'furnished and fitted up for the reception of fifty children by the generosity of a benefactor' (McEvoy1999). At the end of its first year of operation, the home had received two groups of around thirty children each and the property was then purchased by the Society.
In 1903, a Crusade of Rescue report recommended that children being emigrated should be carefully chosen as 'children from the streets, the slums, common lodging houses and the cellars of our towns are not suitable cases for immediate emigration, and certainly those who have failed at home and police court cases are not — the more careful the selection, the better the result.'
A report in May 1904 by a Canadian government inspector made some serious complaints about the home. The entire building was in need of renovation. The boys all slept in a large attic accessed by a narrow staircase which would be a serious hazard in case of fire. The room was unplastered and unfurnished apart from a few camp beds. Most of the boys slept on the floor on worn-out mattresses, covered by a blanket and a quilt, with a pillow without a cover. On a hot night, the room would be 'insufferable'. It was recommended that the home's first-floor office be converted into sleeping apartments. The property was accordingly refitted and at the same time adopted the name of the St George's Home.
In October 1907, the running of the home was taken over by a group of five nuns from the Congregation of the Sisters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul, who also ran the Father Hudson's Homes in England.
In the period up until 1917, when wartime conditions suspended the emigration of children to Canada, the number passing through the St George's Home totalled around 300. There was a resurgence in emigration after the war, with as many as 400 children a year being placed by the home. This stalled in 1925, however, when new regulations required that only children aged fourteen or over could be admitted to Canada. The Great Depression of the early 1930s also contributed to the decline.
The Home closed in around 1934. The property is still owned by the Catholic Church.
Note: many repositories impose a closure period of up to 100 years for records identifying individuals. Before travelling a long distance, always check that the records you want to consult will be available.
- None identfied at present — any information welcome.
- Waugh, N These, My Little Ones (1911, Sands & Co.)
- Hyland, Jim Changing Times Changing Needs: A History of the Catholic Children's Society (Westminster) (2009)
- Bagnell, Kenneth The Little Immigrants: The Orphans Who Came to Canada (2001, Dundurn)
- Birt, Lilian M The Children's Home-Finder: the story of Annie Macpherson and Louisa Birt (1913, J. Nisbet)
- Corbett, Gail H Nation Builders: Barnardo Children in Canada (2002, Dundurn)
- Higginbotham, Peter Children's Homes: A History of Institutional Care for Britain s Young (2017, Pen & Sword)
- Kershaw, Roger and Sacks, Janet New Lives for Old: The Story of Britain's child migrants: The Story of Britain's Home Children (2008, The National Archives)
- Kohli, Marjorie The Golden Bridge: Young Immigrants to Canada 1833-1939 (2003, Natural Heritage Books)
- McEvoy, Frederick J 'These Treasures of the Church of God': Catholic Child Immigration to Canada (in CCHA, Historical Studies, 65 (1999), 50-70)
- Parker, Roy Uprooted: The Shipment of Poor Children to Canada, 1867-1917 (2010, Policy Press)
- The Catholic Childtren's Society (Westminster)
- British Home Children in Canada.
- National Library and Archives Canada especial the Home Children section.
- Young Immigrants to Canada. [Archived]
- British Home Child Group International - has database of over 23,000 Canadian British Home Children
- British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa (BIFHSGO) - has several indexes of the names of children brought to Canada by various organizations in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
- National Archives of Australia — Immigration Records.
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